3.2 Grazing


All Pasture-Fed operations must be based on providing access to pasture or other forage areas where animals can graze.



All Pasture-Fed operations should produce the feed for their Pasture-Fed animals on their own farms or land under their own management.


Grass and forage must be the feed source consumed for the lifetime of the animal, with the exception of milk consumed by young stock prior to weaning.

Note: Grass and forage includes grass (annual and perennial), legumes (e.g. clover, trefoil, vetches) Brassicas (e.g. stubble turnip) and herbs within pasture leys. Also permitted are forbs, browse, and cereal grain crops in the vegetative (pre-grain) state. See also “definitions” in section 6


Root crops must be from the brassica family or fodder beet. The use of sugar beet or derived products as a source of feed is prohibited.


Where root crops are used within the diet, they must be grown on the licensed holding or land under the license-holder’s control and management. They cannot be bought in as feed from other farms.


Animals grazing fodder crops such as kale or root crops such as turnips must have continuous access to areas of grassland or pasture


Animals must not be fed grain or any other form of feed concentrate


At all times when conditions allow, Pasture-Fed animals must be maintained on rotational grass leys, permanent pasture, or fields of forage crops with at least 90% forage cover or on unbroken ground. (Please also refer to section 3.5.3.)